Fibromyalgia is a common, chronic and complex pain disorder. Persons diagnosed with this condition experience widespread pain in all parts of the body. Although the degree of pain can vary, most people describe it as a shooting and stabbing pain, deep muscular aching, throbbing and twitching. Numbness, tingling or burning may also occur; further adding to the discomfort. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, and a lack of deep, restful and restorative sleep. The pain is often worse in the morning.
Medical professionals do not know what causes fibromyalgia. However, new research is helping them to have a clearer understanding of this disorder. Recent studies indicate that fibromyalgia may develop because of physical or emotional trauma or infections. And because fibromyalgia tends to run in families, researchers suggest that specific genetic mutations put one at risk for developing the disorder.
Treatment for fibromyalgia includes medication, physical therapy and lifestyle changes. Finding ways to reduce stress, getting enough rest, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy diet are critical for managing fibromyalgia. Alternative treatment methods include acupuncture, chiropractic care and massage therapy.