High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition that can eventually lead to heart disease. It occurs when the force of the blood against the artery walls is too great. Blood pressure is determined by how much blood your heart pumps and the resistance it faces when flowing through your arteries.
A normal blood pressure is 120 over 80 (120/80). Blood pressure is considered high if it is constantly over 140 over 90 (140/90). The top number is your systolic pressure, which is the pressure your heart creates as it beats. The bottom number is your diastolic pressure, which is the pressure that is inside your blood vessels when your heart is at rest.
Typically, high blood pressure develops over several years. A person can go years without showing any signs or symptoms of high blood pressure. However, some common symptoms include: dizzy spells, tedious headaches and more frequent nosebleeds.
High blood pressure is easily detectable and very manageable if detected early. High blood pressure that is left untreated will rise out of control increasing one’s risk for developing serious health problems like stroke or a heart attack.
Treatment options will be determined by how healthy you are. While 120/80 is the ideal blood pressure goal, factors like your age and lifestyle may alter what a healthy blood pressure goal should be. Simple lifestyle changes and medications may be used to control your blood pressure. A personalized treatment plan will be created by your physician to ensure optimal health.